Wilfrid Wilson Gibson

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson



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Wilfrid Wilson Gibson 1878. október 2 -án született Hexhamben. Gibson Rupert Brooke közeli barátja volt. Legkorábban megjelent költészete volt Hegyi szerelmesek (1902), és számos verset tartalmazott különböző köteteiben Grúz költészet. Első darabja, a Daily Bread 1910 -ben készült.

Gibson csatlakozott a brit hadsereghez, de Angliában maradt. A legtöbb tiszti költővel ellentétben Gibson a közönséges lábkatona szemszögéből írt verseket.

Az első világháború után Gibson továbbra is verseket és színdarabokat írt. Gibson munkája különösen az ipari munkások és a falusi munkások szegénységével foglalkozott. Több verseskötete jelent meg, köztük Összegyűjtött versek: 1905-1925 (1926), A szigeti szarvas (1947) és Négy Falon belül (1950).

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson 1962. május 26 -án halt meg.

A reggelinket a hátunkon fekve ettük

Mert a kagylók sikoltoztak a fejük felett.

Fogadok, hogy egy ropogós kenyér

Hogy a Hull United legyőzi a Halifaxot

Amikor Jimmy Stainthorpe inkább hátvédként játszott

Billy Bradfordról. Ginger felemelte a fejét

És káromkodott, elvette a fogadást, és holtan ejtette vissza.

A reggelinket a hátunkon fekve ettük

Mert a kagylók a fejük felett húzódtak.

Nyakig sárban,

Kaszált és tombolt -

Aki bátor volt A vér mezeje -

És legényként

Csak az iskolából

Kiabált - Április bolondja!

És nevetett, mint az őrült.

Mi, akik maradtunk, hogyan fogunk kinézni újra

Boldogan a napon, vagy érezze az esőt

Anélkül, hogy emlékezne, hogyan jártak

Nyugtalanul és elköltve

Életük értünk is szerette a napot és az esőt?

Egy madár az eső nedves orgonája között énekel -

De mi, hogyan forduljunk apróságokhoz

És hallgatni a madarakat, a szeleket és a patakokat

Álmaik szentté tették,

És nem érzi a szívszakadást a dolgok szívében?


Wilfrid Wilson Gibson - Történelem

["1690 júliusában William Gibson, egy klán vezetője, III. Vilmos angol királlyal volt az írországi Boyne -i csata során, 2. Jakab, a trónfosztott angol király ellen. Az ütközetben tanúsított vitézsége Vilmos királyt okozta, Orange Vilmos néven ismert, hogy lorddá tegye. Orange Vilmos kastélyt és ösztöndíjat is adott neki az angliai Yorkshire -ben. Lord Durie nevét vette fel, ezt a címet az utódai a mai napig fenntartják. " William "Lord Durie", William unokája volt, 1576 -ban született.] (Kiváló referencia William Anderson "The Scottish Nation, A Biographical History of the People of Scotland" című műve, Londonban nyomtatva 1877 -ben: Gibson oldalak.)

A következő ősfa Thomas Knowlton Gibson és webhelye http://gibson.mayflowerman.com (vagy 2015 -től http://www.shohola.com/knowlton) 2008 -as információin alapul. Mivel Thomas Gibson figyelmesen kutatja ezt a családfát, az alábbi információk elavultak lehetnek, és webhelye frissített/javított információkat tükrözhet. Fontos megjegyezni, hogy az 1690-es években két lehetséges ős származik a philadelphiai John Gibson számára-ez a bostoni-skót és egy pennsylvaniai-angol (lásd alább a lábjegyzetet).

Lord Thomas Gibson (1469-1515) a skóciai Fife megyei Goldingstonesben született, András második fia (ref.), és I. Jakab király bérelte az első bárót. Házas Hölgy Mária (1471-1551). IV. Jakab skót király chartája alapján szabad báró volt, és kinevezték a skót parlament ülésszakának jegyzőjévé.
1. George Gibson (1491-1538) apja halála után a skót parlament második bárója és ülésjegyzője (ref.) lett.
2. William Gibson (1495-7/7/1542) Lord William Garvock-i vikárius, az inveraritás rektora, Restalrig dékánja, az ülésszak ura és a római pápa skót nagykövete volt.
3. Andrew Gibson (1498-1567) 1517-ben megnősült, két fiát és legalább két lányát nevelte fel. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
4. Thomas Gibson (1503-1562) 1521-ben megnősült, két fiát és három lányát nevelte fel. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
5./6. és legalább két lánya [Sajnos nagyon keveset jegyeztek fel korai Gibson őseink női oldaláról.]
"Lord William Gibson nagykövet életét Sir John Moubray, Barnbougle, lovag, oklevelében rögzítette 1511 -ben, fia, William de Moubray javára." Lord Thomas élete egy jól dokumentált korszak kezdete volt a Barony, a Lovagrend, a Heraldika, a Landed Gentry, a Peerage és más kijelölt nemesség számára. Gibson őseink Kenneth I MacAlpin, Eochaid Picts király, Írország főkirályai és kilenc évszázad skót királyi családjaiból származnak. [Ahogy egyre több régi világ ősi nyilvántartása kerül sorra, most hozzáférhetünk olyan rekordokhoz, amelyeket néhány évvel ezelőtt nagyon nehéz és költséges volt beszerezni. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)]

Lord George Gibson I. (1491-1538), Thomas első fia, apja halála után a skót parlament második bárója és ülésszakának ura lett. V. Jakab skót király chartája alapján szabad báró volt, és három fiát és két lányát nevelte fel. Házas Erzsébet hölgy (1495–?), A Cin és az akut mac Ailp n leszármazottjaként rögzítve, a modern regnálisban I. Kenneth, a piktok királya és a skót királyok listáján.
1. Mary Gibson (1514?
2. George Gibson (1517-1590) Lord George volt a báró örököse, a családi birtok és vagyon meghaladta a 8200 font skótot. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
3. Elizabeth Gibson (1521-?) (Megjegyzés: valószínű, hogy George-nak több lánya volt, akiket nem rögzítettek.)
4. William Gibson (1525-?) 1554-ben megnősült, és legalább három fiát és két lányát nevelte fel. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
5. Thomas Gibson (1528-?) 1547-ben megnősült, és legalább két fiát és két lányát nevelte fel. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
[Annyi Gibson -nak ugyanazzal a keresztnevével, nem csoda, hogy a korai genealógusok összezavarodtak. Vannak, akik a legnemesebb családi ősöket választják, hogy lenyűgözzék ügyfeleiket, és igazolják fizetésüket.]

Lord George Gibson II (1517-1590) György második fia, harmadik báró, megyei bíró, George szabadon báró volt a Charta alapján I. Mária, skót királynő. (ref.) (ref.) 1542 -ben feleségül vette Lady Mary Cranstont, a roxburghi Lord Alexander Cranston leányát, Thomas de Cranstoun, Edinburgh -i lord prépost leszármazottját 1425 -ben, 1438 -ban és 1449 -ben.
1. Thomas Gibson (1543-1521) 1564-ben megnősült, és öt gyermeknél nőtt fel. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) Három unokája volt korai telepes Jamestown, VA sok utóddal. (Hivatkozás)
2. George Gibson (1545-1644) Lord George, aki 1565 -ben nősült, hat fiát és három lányát nevelte fel, hosszú életet élt, és ő volt a báró és a családi birtok örököse. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
3. Vilmos szül. 1548 - 1596 -ban, Vilmos vértanú katolikus püspököt, 1596. november 29 -én felakasztották, lerajzolták és felosztották Yorkban, William Knight és George Errington vértanú társaival. 4./5./6.+ és legalább három lányával.
[Sok korai Gibson elkötelezett katolikus volt a protestáns reformációig, amelyet Martin Luther, John Calvin és Skóciában John Knox kezdeményezett 1660 körül. és apja, John Robert Gibson (1896-1991).]

Lord George Gibson III (1545-1644), II. György második fia, negyedik báró, a Parlament ülésszakának ura és a High Court of Scotland bírája. György szabad báró volt VI. Jakab skót király alapítólevele alapján, és I. Károly király (ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) Feleségül vette Lady Mary Elizabeth Airth -t, házasságot 1565 -ben, Mary a Stirling -kastélyban született 1549 -ben az ősi és nemes Airth családból. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
1. John Gibson (1566-?) Sir John Gibson pentlandi volt, Lord Baronet, aki a családot folytatta és feleségül vette Jean Hay-t, nemesi születésű és királyi felmenőkkel. (ref.)
2. Jean Gibson (

1568-?)-ismeretlen leszármazás (Sajnos nagyon kevés információt rögzítettek a Gibson Ladies-ről. Jean valószínűleg Jean Hay, aki feleségül vette Sir John Hay-t.) (Ref.) (Ref.)
3. Elizabeth Gibson (

1569 Erzsébetről és Máriáról, George Gibson lányairól, III. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
4. Alexander Gibson (1571-1644), Az első Lord Durie, az Első Lord Baronet és Lord Clerk Register m. Lady Margaret Craig, Sir Thomas Craig, Lord Advocate és bíró lánya.
5. IV. Gibson György (1574-1641) Balhouffie IV. György György, szabad báró, akinek fia, unokája és dédunokája volt, George, mindenki gazdag báró.
6. William Gibson (1576-1658), szabad báró, a Session ura volt, és fia született János, szül. 1606, aki 1640 -ben az írországi Galwaybe menekült, és néhányan Sir John Sr. néven jegyzik alább.
7. Archibald Gibson (1578–1647) hat gyermeket, sok leszármazottat nevelt Skóciában, Angliában, Kanadában és a brit gyarmatokon (hivatkozás) (hivatkozás), köztük James Gibson kereskedőt.
8. Thomas Gibson (1580 -1650) Sok gyarmati Gibson származott Thomas fián, James Thomason keresztül, aki szül. 1607. Fia, Edmund 1633 -ban született, és feleségül vette Jane Langhornot.
9. Mary Gibson (

1581-?)-leszármazása ismeretlen
Dédunokák voltak, Lord Edmund Gibson szül. 1669, londoni püspök 1723 és 1748 között, és 1660 -ban született Jonathan 1710 -ben feleségül vette Mary Catlettet, és 1696 -ban emigrált Virginiába. Fia, Jonathan Catlett feleségül vette Elizabeth Thorntont, és ő volt Jonathan Catlett Gibsons öt generációja közül az első. . Jonathan és Mary leszármazottai sok híres virginiai, köztük Geo ősei voltak. Washington édesanyja, Mary Ball Washington révén. Alexander híres leszármazottja Sir Alexander Gibson 1926-1995, a Skót Királyi Nemzeti Zenekar karmestere és a Skót Opera alapítója. Vilmos híres leszármazottai James Gibson-Craig és fia, William Gibson-Craig, mindketten magas pozíciókat töltöttek be a skót parlamentben. Thomas leszármazottja Thomas Milner Gibson, 1806-1884, a brit parlament tagja. Sok kanadai Gibson is ebből az ágból származott.

[A korai Gibsonok közül sokan, mint John Knox hűséges követői, jelentős szerepet játszottak a skóciai protestáns reformációban, a skót egyház és a világméretű presbiteriánus egyház megalapításában, különösen 1560 után.] (Hivatkozás) [Sok korai tag A Gibson család családja az 1600 -as évek elején, a nagy vándorláskor, közvetlenül az angol polgárháború előtt és alatt emigrált a gyarmatokra, elkerülve a polgári zavargásokat (különösen a Landed Gentry és a Nemesség felé), I. Károly király, majd Lord uralkodása idején. Protektor, Oliver Cromwell.] [Van egy régi skót ditty, amelynek címe: „Lord George tudja az apámat, az apa ismeri Lord George -ot”, komikus utalásban a hét Lord George Gibsonra.] [Alexander leszármazottja Edward Gibson, bérelt 1. Báró Ashbourne, a királynő tanácsosa a dublini egyetem konzervatív parlamenti képviselőjévé és lord kancellárrá választott.] Sok Gibson szolgált a skót parlamentben, amíg az Unió törvényei megalapították a Nagy -Britanniát. Leszármazottaik azután Nagy -Britannia parlamentjében szolgáltak, amely 1707 és 1999 között a londoni Westminsterben ül. Két leszármazott, Kenneth Gibson és Robert Gibson ma is szolgál az 1999 -ben alakult új skót parlamentben.

Lord Alexander Gibson (1571-1644) George második fia, okleveles ötödik báró, első Lord Durie 1621 -ben, Első Lord Baronet 1628 -ban és Lord Clerk Register. Feleségül vette Lady Margaret Craig-t (1575-?), Riccarton-i Lord Thomas Craig lányát, (1538-?), Lord Advocate-t és az Edinburgh-i Egyetem korai kancellárját. Lord Thomas kiváló ügyvéd, parlamenti képviselő és a skót Legfelsőbb Bíróság bírája volt, II. Károly király alatt.
1. II. Sándor Gibson (1598-6/1656) 1621-ben lovaggá ütötték, 1628-ban ülésjegyzőnek, 1632-ben országgyűlési jegyzőnek, második baronet úrnak és 1646-ban ülés urának nevezték ki.
2. John Gibson I. (1601-1694), sikeres hajózási kereskedő és a családi vagyon örököse, annak nagy részét maga mögött hagyta, amikor Rebeccával a Massachusetts -i Cambridge -be emigráltak.
3. George Gibson (1604-1669) a Parlament uraként szolgált, és végül megkapta a családi vagyon nagy részét és a bárót, majd továbbadta őket sok leszármazottjának. (hivatkozás).
4. Elizabeth Gibson (

1610-?)
7. Jean Gibson (1613-1676) feleségül vette George Prestont 1612 - 1659 között, a skót Craigmillar -ból, ők voltak az animátor és filmproducer, Walt Disney 8. nagyszülei.
Sándor fia, II. János, a harmadik Lord Baronet Skócia utolsó parlamentjében és II. Károly első skót parlamentjében ült. János fia, III. Sándor fia, negyedik Lord Baronet, anélkül halt meg, hogy a Baronyt átadta nagybátyjának, George -nak. (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) Ha János Skóciában maradt volna, megkapták a bárót és a családi vagyon nagy részét. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)

Sir John Gibson (1601 Skócia-1694 Massachusetts) - A bevándorló, ref. 388. "szabadon gondolkodó" kereskedő, 1631 -ben menekült Skóciából, jelentős családi vagyonát feladva. (lásd a hivatkozásokat). John, a korai "megalkuvást nem ismerő presbiteriánus", mint testvérei, 1631-ben emigrált Newetowne-be, amely 1638-ban Cambridge lett. 1634-ben feleségül vette (1) Lady Rebecca Thompsont (1613-1661), a jól ismert skót nemesúr, Lord William Thompson lányát. (1580-1671) 1633-ban érkezett, és (2) Joanna Prentice 1662-ben. A hamis boszorkánysággal kapcsolatos vádak megfogalmazása után a család súlyos anyagi, jogi, orvosi, vallási és érzelmi problémákat élt meg, amelyek végén Rebecca lányát boszorkánysággal vádolták. 1656 -ban cenzúrázták, kiközösítették és Roxburybe száműzték. (ref.) Rebecca Thompson Gibson nem sokkal a lánya száműzése után meghalt, és 1661. december 1 -én eltemették az Old Roxbury Hill temetőben. John ezután feleségül vette Joanna Prentice -t, Henry Prentice özvegyét, miután családja hasonló helyzetben volt. családi problémák. Nyilvánvaló és rendkívül megterhelő időszak volt neki és az egész családnak, Rebecca lánya és Charles a Massachusetts állambeli Watertownba költöztek.
1. Rebecca Gibson (1635-1681) 1654. június 22-én feleségül vette Charles Stearns Watertown-i misét, és hat gyermeket nevelt fel. 41 éves korában tisztként szolgált Fülöp király háborújában.
2. Mary Gibson (1637. március 29.-?) 1655. április 3-án feleségül vette John Ruggles of Roxbury-t, Mass, John és Barbara Ruggles fiát, és négy gyermeket nevelt fel.
3. Martha Gibson (1639. április 29.-?) 1657. november 3-án feleségül vette Jacob Newell Roxbury-i misét.
4. John Gibson Jr. (1641-10/15/1679) 1668. december 9 -én feleségül vette Rebecca Errington -t, Abraham Errington és Rebecca Cutler Cambridge -i lányát. Katona volt Fülöp király háborújában.
5. Samuel Gibson (1649. 10. 28., 1644-3/20./1709.) 1668. október 30-án feleségül vette Sarah Pembertont, aki első gyermekük születése után halt meg. Ezt követően feleségül vette Mrs. Elizabeth (Remington) Steadmant 1679. június 14 -én, férje, John halála után. Sam katona volt a Fülöp király háborújában, öt gyermeket nevelt és jogi problémákat tapasztalt. [Nagyon ritka volt, hogy negatív ősi információkat tettek közzé. Az olvasónak "olvasnia kell a sorok között", hogy megtudja, mi történt valójában. Frederick Clifton, Pierce Esq genealógus udvariasan megbeszélte a boszorkányságot, amikor 1883 -ban közzétette a "The Gibson Family of Cambridge" c. Oldalt, a 388. oldalon. sógornője, Rebecca (Errington) Gibson feleségül. "]

John Gibson Jr. (1641-1679) a Massachusetts állambeli Middlesex állambeli Cambridge -ben született, a legidősebb fiú és negyedik gyermek. Jánost, a tapasztalatlan tisztet mostohaapja, Thomas Prentice kapitány "bátorította", hogy segítsen neki a Fülöp király háborújában harcolni. 1668. december 9-én feleségül vette Rebecca Errington-t (1643-12/4/1713), Abraham Errington és Rebecca Cutler lányát, aki a katolikus vértanú apjától, George Errington püspöktől származik. János halála után 1679 -ben Rebecca "anyagi nehézségeket" szenvedett, és egy kis anyagi segítséget kapott az egyháztól. Egyedül küzdött azért, hogy egyedül nevelje fel fiatal családját, és 1680 -ban az egyház vének "alkalmatlan anyának" minősítették. (ref.) Rövid bírósági ülés után gyermekeit elvették tőle, és "megfelelő egyházi családokhoz" helyezték. Ekkor Rebeccát "a válogatott személy az ország családjaihoz juttatta", nyilvánvalóan rendkívül nehéz időszak volt számára, és nem volt feljegyzése a haláláról.
1. Rebecca Gibson (1669. október 4., 1788. Október 4.) "bajba jutott gyermek" volt, soha nem ment férjhez és fiatalon halt meg. (ref.) Nyilvánvaló mulasztások vannak ebben az 1900 -as Mehitable Wilson fertőtlenített szövegében.
2. Martha Gibson (1671. augusztus 14., 1733. augusztus 14.) férjhez ment (1) Reben Lilly of Concord és (2) Joseph Knight, Woburn, Massachusetts 1673-1732 között. (ref.)
3. Mary Gibson (1673-1732) Stephen Gates (Stow Massachusetts) családjával nevelkedett, és 1700. október 17-én feleségül vette fiát, Nathaniel Gates-t (1675-1731). (Ref.)
4. John Gibson III (1676-1751). Úgy tűnik, hogy a fiatal John, nyilvánvalóan intelligens és jól képzett, másképp látja az életet, és látszólag meglehetősen elégedetlen a cambridge -i életével. "Rossz hatás alatt kiközösítették radikális nézetei miatt." Ez nem volt jó alkalom arra, hogy kvéker legyen a Massachusetts Bay Colonies -ban. A néhány évvel ezelőtti hasonló események gyors végrehajtást eredményeztek. A gyülekezeti vének ezután megpróbáltak töröltetni minden létező feljegyzést.
5. Timothy Gibson (1679-7/14/1757) a Stow Massachusetts állambeli Stephen Gates családjában nőtt fel. Jól tanult, egyházi diakónus lett, és feleségül vette Rebecca Gates lányát. Timothy fia, Timothy Gibson II kapitány és unokája, Timothy Gibson III kapitány büszkén harcolt a forradalomban becsülettel és kitüntetéssel. Timothy leszármazottai közé tartozik Nehemiah Gibson kapitány hajózási kereskedő, Charles Gibson bostoni kereskedő és Charles Dana Gibson Gibson Girl művész. (Timothy ismert élő leszármazottai: William Gibson művész, író és a Jeopardy sztárja, Hutton Gibson, valamint híres fia, Donal és Mel Gibson színészek. [A hollywoodi producer és rendező, Mel Gibson nagyon is tisztában van családunk történetével.] [Nyilvánvalóan , néhány Gibson családtag gondolkodásában nagyon független volt, és NEM aktív tagjai a cambridge -i közösségnek vagy a kialakult egyháznak.] [A közhiedelemmel ellentétben a Massachusetts -öbölbeli kolóniák NEM a vallásszabadságon alapultak, néhány évvel korábban sok kvéker hitük miatt kivégezték.] [Én (TKG 2008) több mint harminc éve keresek információt a "Halsall" "Halsell" vagy "Hulsell" kvékerekről. Ki volt ez a csoport, amely létezett körülbelül 350 évvel ezelőtt?]

John Gibson III (1676-1751 Philadelphia, PA), TALÁN (lásd az alábbi megjegyzéseket) ifjabb John negyedik gyermeke és legidősebb fia, korai gyarmati Philadelphia -i lakos és William Penn család barátja. 1699-ben feleségül vette Anne St. Clairt (1677-1748), a korai pennsylvaniai telepes William St. Clair nővérét, Arthur St. Clair kontinentális hadsereg tábornokának nagyapját. Arthur St. Clair az Egyesült Államok elnöke volt az Egyesült Államok alkotmányának megalkotásakor összeállított kongresszuson. John a Halsall Quakers ügyét támogatta, és vallása iránti közösségi ellentmondással fiatal korában elhagyta az ellenséges Bay Colony területét, és 1690 és 1693 között valamikor 1680 és 1693 között érkezett a kvékerbarát városba, Philadelphiába. A Philadelphia -i Friends Select School korai tanára és adminisztrátora, David Lloyd főügyész hívta fel 1696 -ban, hogy segítsen a Kiváltságok Chartájának (különösen az első részben található vallásszabadság -írásainak), Pennsylvania első alkotmányának megfogalmazásában. 1777 -ig volt érvényben, néhány írása megjelent az amerikai alkotmányban, 1786 -ban íródott, és ma is használatban van.
1. John Gibson IV (1700-1700)-csecsemőkorban halt meg
2. Robert Gibson (1702 Philadelphia, PA-1756 Cumberland, PA)
3. Idősebb George Gibson (1704-1761), híres fiaival, John Gibson tábornokkal és George Gibson ezredessel, korai telepesek és alapítói voltak Lancaster-nek, Lancaster megyében. - [azonban a legtöbb genealógia ezt a "Lancaster" George-ot "skót-ír" -ként sorolja fel, aki 1704-ben született Stewartstown-ban, Ulsterben, Martha Deviney feleségével-és nem tartozik a fenti fához. Gyermekei: Mary (1734-?) Feleségül vette Mattias Clough-t, Thomas-t (1737-?), John (1740.05.23. Lancaster, PA-1782 Lancaster, PA) feleségül vette Anna Ball-t, Frances-t (1742-?), Jean-t (1745- ?), George (1747.10.10. Lancaster, PA-1/4/1791 Lancaster, PA) feleségül vette Ann Westet és Annot (1749–?). Megjegyzés: ez Ann túl öreg ahhoz, hogy feleségül vegye Jesse Brittont, aki 1759-ben született.]
4. Rebecca Gibson (1707-1776)-ismeretlen leszármazás-talán férjhez ment egy kvékerhez, és Philadelphiában maradt.
5. Moses Gibson (1710 Philadelphia, PA-1764 Loudon, VA) kvéker maradt, Virginiába költözött, sikeres ültetvényes és dohánykereskedő lett, és gyönyörű ültetvényházat épített "Valley View" néven. Férjhez ment Elsie Janney -hez Bucks -ból, PA 1734 körül. Gyermekek: Isaac, Joseph, James, John, Thomas, Moses, Rebecca, Anne. Anne megszületett

1753 -ban feleségül ment egy ismeretlen Smith -hez - ő nem Anne Gibson, aki feleségül vette Jesse Brittont. [Thomas Knowlton Gibson Mózes leszármazottja: Isaac-Moses-Minor-Isaac-Muscoe-Joseph-Thomas-Thomas-lásd a honlapját]
6. Mary Gibson (1712-1783) megnősült és nyugatra költözött, valószínűleg Nyugat-Virginiába vagy Kentucky-ba.
7. Anne Gibson (1715-1736) 1735-ben feleségül ment John Frame-hez, és első gyermeke születése közben meghalt. János nem sokkal ezután újra megnősült.
8. William Gibson (1717-1771) megnősült, Nyugat-Pennsylvaniába költözött, és nagy családot hozott létre, sok leszármazottal, akik Ohio-ban, Kentucky-ban és Indianában telepedtek le. A híres Tony -díjas drámaíró, William Gibson, a Csodamunkás, Helen Keller oktatásának története írója William leszármazottja.
János Gibson III fiai és unokái közül sokan fiút neveztek el Johnnak, Jamesnek, George -nak vagy Williamnek, aki a gyarmati vagy kontinentális hadseregben szolgált. John Gibson vezérőrnagy (szül. 1740. május 23.), Ref. o. 481, az Indiana terület parancsnoka és kormányzója volt 1800 és 1816 között. George Gibson ezredes, 1747. október 10., a gyarmati hadsereg parancsnoka, és vezette a híres Gibson Lancaster bárányait, PA. Később nagybátyjával, Arthur St. Clair vezérőrnagynál szolgált, és meghalt a katasztrofális Wabash -csatában vagy St. Clair vereségében. George apja volt a tiszteletreméltó John Bannister Gibsonnak, a Pennsylvania Legfelsőbb Bíróság nagy tiszteletben álló elnökének. Ő volt apja George Gibson közlegénynek is, aki a Lewis és Clark expedíció jelentős tagja. Isaac unokája a Prince William Co. gyarmati dandár tisztje, James Gibson unokája pedig ezredes volt az 1812 -es háborúban. Egy másik unoka, John Gibson, William fia, Philadelphia korai gyarmati polgármestere volt, 1772 -től 1773. május 21 -ig. A többi leszármazott York alapítója lett Pennsylvaniában, Lancaster -től nyugatra, két megbízatási idővel York város polgármestereként.
Megjegyzés: ezeknek a gyerekeknek az ősei nincsenek megerősítve. Robertnek és Mózesnek egy másik ős is lehetséges - lásd az alábbi lábjegyzetet -, valamint egy másik, George -ban említett őse. Vegye figyelembe azt is, hogy Thomas Knowlton Gibson kutatásai nem mélyednek el Robert Gibson szül. Utódaiban, 1702. sz. Moses Gibson szokatlan név, és az a tény, hogy Robert nevez egy fiút Mózesnek, és Bucksba költözik, ahonnan a bátyja felesége származik, úgy tűnik, megerősíti a kapcsolatot Mózes és Robert között - függetlenül attól, hogy rokonok -e George és William (és a nők Rebecca, Mary és Anne) nyitottak a további kutatásokra.

Robert Gibson (1702 Philadelphia, PA)? - erről a Róbertről semmit sem lehet tudni, ezért bizonytalan, hogy "a mi" Robert Gibson, hazafiunk, aki 1788-ban halt meg, ehhez a Roberthez tartozik.
1. Robert Gibson (

1730–1788 Bucks, PA - lesz) feleségül (1) Ismeretlen és (2) az özvegy Elizabeth Wilson Keith.

1766) John Gibson, korábban Doylestown -i, meghalt 1828. december 3 -án (életkora nincs megadva) Robert Gibson, Doylestown, meghalt 1820. március 25 -én, 23 évesen (szül.

1796) Thomas Gibson, Bedminster, meghalt 1818. február 18 -án, 50 évesen (szül

1767). John és Robert valószínűleg Thomas Gibson gyermekei, és nyilvánvalóan mindketten fiatalon, talán nőtlenül haltak meg.

A világon szinte minden élő Gibson a Goldingstones -i Lord Thomas Gibson leszármazottja, nyilvánvalóan kivéve azokat, akik örökbe fogadták vagy megváltoztatták a vezetéknevüket. Az Egyesült Államokban, különösen New England térségében, számos Gibson származik a bevándorló John Gibsonból, Cambridge -ből, Massachusetts -ből. Mások a hét George Gibson közül származnak, sokan délre, majd nyugatra vándorolnak, különösen Kentucky -ba, Indiana -ba és Texasba. Henry C. Gibson, Maybrook, Philadelphia egyik leggazdagabb embere (bor és szeszes italok, banki szolgáltatások, biztosítás, vasút), és a művészetek pártfogója. Luthier, Orville H. Gibson, a Gibson Guitar Company alapítója és a világhírű Los Angeles -i Gibson Amphitheater névadója, valamint George Gibson, a The Gibson Art és a Gibson Greeting Companies alapítója George Gibson, a philadelphiai III. A híres TV Gibsonok az ABC Evening New műsorvezetője, Charles "Charlie" Gibson, a Fox News riportere, John Gibson és a CBS Criminal Minds sztárja, Thomas Gibson. Ismert Gibson -felvevő művészek: Eric és Liegh Gibson, a gospel -énekes Jonathan Gibson és a minimalista zenész, Jon Gibson. Van két NASA űrhajósunk, az amerikai haditengerészet kapitánya, Robert Lee "Hoot" Gibson parancsnok és a Skylab 4 űrhajós és mérnök, Edward George Gibson. Thomas Gibson Walton, Sam Walton amerikai üzletember és vállalkozó édesapja, Moses Gibson és Elsie Janney leszármazottja, fia Thomason keresztül. Az Egyesült Királyságban báró Richard Patrick Tallentyre Gibson (1916-2004) brit üzletember volt a kiadói iparban, később művészeti ügyintéző.

Családi őseink jelentős szerepet játszottak hazánk megalapításakor jelentős történelmi dokumentumok kidolgozásában, aláírásában vagy jóváhagyásában, többek között: The Magna Carta in (1215) First, Second, and Third Virginia Charters Mayflower Compact (1620) Charter of Massachusetts Bay (1629) Pennsylvania kiváltsági chartája (1696) A bélyegzőtörvény állásfoglalásai (1765. október 19.) Fegyvernyilatkozat (1775. július 6.) Virginia jognyilatkozata (1776. június 12.) Függetlenségi nyilatkozat (1776. július 4.) ) A Szövetség cikkei (1777. november 15.) Yorkban, PA és végül az Egyesült Államok alkotmánya (1787).

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Amint fentebb említettük, ez az információ közvetlenül Thomas Gibson webhelyéről származik: http://www.shohola.com/Gibson/ - "Üdvözöljük a Thomas Knowlton Gibson Genealogy Page" oldalon. Információi nagyrészt John Gibson történeti szerkesztő, III. János leszármazottjának „Biographical History of York County, Illustrated 1886” című könyvéből származnak. Thomas Knowlton Gibson megerősítette, hogy a fenti kapcsolat a Boston Gibsonokkal a Massachusetts -i kiközösítési rekordok és egy John Gibson Philadelphiában történő egyidejű megjelenése miatt jött létre - és az a tény, hogy a kiközösítés a kvékerek meggyőződésének és a philadelphiai John Gibsonnak volt . Ráadásul William Penn Philadelphiája lett volna az a hely, ahol akkoriban kvékernek kellett mennie. Vannak azonban feljegyzések a második őse . A fenti ős származás skót, a második őse brit (az Amerikába való bevándorlás előtt ideiglenesen Írországban élt).

A Pennsylvania Archívumban említésre kerül William Gibson (1629 Easton, Lancashire, England-11/20/1684 London, Anglia), aki feleségül vette Elizabeth Thompsont, a londoni rövidárust, aki kvaker lett, William Penn barátja, és földtámogatások tőle. William legalább három gyermek apja: William, John és Patience, és talán Rebecca, Hannah és Elizabeth is (bár csak két gyermeket neveztek meg végrendeletében - lásd alább). Türelem feleségül vette John Wrightot, és 1722. november 15 -én halt meg Chesterben, PA -ban - földet kaptak Bucksban, PA -ban, és 1699 körül költöztek oda.

Mielőtt Penn 1682 augusztusában Amerikába távozott, jelentős változás történt az East Jersey -i társaság összetételében. A tizenkét munkatárs megállapodott abban, hogy "további három személyt vesznek fel, hogy a tulajdonosok száma huszonnégy legyen". Ezt úgy valósították meg, hogy minden tulajdonos átadta részesedésének felét egy új tulajdonosnak. Mivel Wilcox eladta részvényeit, tizenegy régi tulajdonos és tizenhárom új tulajdonos volt. Az új tulajdonosok öt londoni férfiból álltak, mindegyik kvéker, két dublini férfi (mindketten kvékerek), hat skót, akik közül hárman kvékerek voltak. A londoni férfiak Edward Byllynge, a Westminster úriember és sörfőzője, valamint West Jersey főtulajdonosa, most újra fizetőképes William GIBSON, állampolgár és rövidáru, Thomas Barker neves kvéker-miniszter, Gawan Lawrie kereskedő, kereskedő és James Brain, a vőlegény veje és egy kereskedő. William GIBSON neves londoni kvéker volt, akit sokszor börtönbe vetettek, pénzbírságot vettek ki, és elhallgatták áruit. Neve Penn, Whitehead, Barclay és mások nevével együtt jelenik meg a havi gyűlésekre küldött levelek aláírójaként. GIBSON nemcsak a 24 tulajdonos egyike volt, hanem első földvásárló Pennsylvaniában, 500 hektár érdekeltséggel. Soha nem jött Amerikába, de részt vett a tulajdonosok londoni találkozóin 1784 -ben bekövetkezett haláláig. Özvegye és két gyermeke voltak az örökösei. Thomas Boell, az ügynökük 500 hektárt biztosított nekik a Wickatunkban és 2000 hektárt a malomkőnél. 1687 -ben azonban a GIBSON tulajdonát Robert West és Thomas Cox vásárolta meg, és 1689 -ben Cox, mint West megbízottja, eladta Dr. Daniel Coxe -nak. 1692 márciusában, amikor Coxe eladta részesedését a West Jersey Society -nek, két East Jersey tulajdonosa volt tulajdonságait. Az egyiket nyugati részvénynek nevezte, "és ezt a részvényt a Byllynge-től vásárolta, majd később visszanyerte az irányítást. A másik, a" Mew's Share ", amelyet a GIBSON örököseitől vásárolt meg, mivel az a GIBSON eredeti fele volt osztatlan tulajdon. A "The Short and Itinerary Journals of George Fox" című könyvben, Macmillan, 1926 William GIBSON gyakran szerepel a Haistwell -naplóban 1677 és 1678 között. "William GIBSON, akit jól ismerek, és aki a polgárháborúk idején, Carlisle -ben katona lévén, ő és három másik ember, miután meghallották, hogy a városban kvékeres találkozót neveznek ki, megegyeztek, hogy odamennek, és bántalmazzák a prédikátort, akinek Thomas Holmes volt a neve, de GIBSON, aki gúnyolódni jött, imádkozni maradt, és buzgó lelkész lett. Körülbelül 1670-ig Lancashire-ben lakott, amikor Londonba költözött. "Kiemelkedő szerepet vállalt Fox-szal és másokkal a Wilkinson-Story Controversy-ben. Különösen Raunce-szal és Harris-szal foglalkozott. 1684-ben 8 hónap múlva jelentették be, hogy" majdnem halálos " (Penn levele M. Foxhoz.) Azt mondják, hogy több mint ezer Barát követte maradványait a Lombard Street -től a Bunhill Fieldsig. "The History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony", Thomas Shourds, orig. Pub. 1876 -ban és azóta reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company is a sourcebook rich in info on NJ Quakers that may help with other lines, although Wm. Gibson is not identified in it. Beware that much of Shourds' data is questionable. -- PA Archives

Furthermore, genealogical information on the George Gibson of Lancaster also supports a more recent emigration, and confirm a Scots-Irish tie. It is my [DLH 2008] aim to discover more information about the Robert Gibson b.1702 and his brothers/sisters, to see if their records or biographies might help to pin down their ancestry. However, it should be noted that the Robert Gibson in Bucks,PA in the 1770s/1780s is almost certain to be the son of Robert Gibson b.1702 in Philadelphia and the newphew of Moses Gibson b.1710 in Philadelphia. Jesse Britton's wife Ann, born circa 1760, is thought to likely be a granddaughter of George (b.1704) or William (b.1717).

From Thomas Knowlton Gibson: "You are correct about William Gibson being an early resident of Philadelphia, but he was almost certainly not the father of John Gibson born 1676 who married Anne St. Clair in Philadelphia. William was the son of John Gibson b. 1606 who fled to Galway, Ireland in 1640, who was the son of William 1576 - 1658) a Free Baron and Lord of Session. William was born in 1641, emigrated to England from Galway around 1663, met George Fox, became a Quaker. He met and became a friend of William Penn and then emigrated to the colonies, through Baltimore or New Castle and then to Philadelphia. William certainly made significant contributions to the founding of Pennsylvania, both in London and in Philadelphia.I am very interested in any documentation indicating he is the father of John (who married Anne St. Clair in Philadelphia in 1669), as my great grandfather's records do not indicate any close relationship to William. You are correct in that I do not have a documented relationship of John, born in Cambridge 1676 and converting to Quakerism, to John Gibson of Philadelphia, recorded as being a Quaker and born in 1676. Since John of Cambridge is recorded a moving to Philadelphia around 1692 and there were very few colonists named John Gibson in Philadelphia in 1696, (actually I can find only one), I am reasonably certain they are one and the same person. I suspect that John might have lived with his great uncle William upon arriving in Philadelphia, which might be the reason some record him as the son of William." Later updated: "Uncle William . it seems that he probably did not emigrate, but instead provided his land to his children." "it seems the early Philadelphia Gibson family lived in the Bristol area."

Misc Gibson records: Ann Hunt born 12/14/1688 Darby, Chester Co, Pennsylvania married (1)John Blunston, Jr. (2)Nathan Gibson (Note: John Blunston, Jr. died in 1716 and Ann married second to Nathan Gibson on Dec 7, 1719 at Darby MM) -- Darby, Chester Co, Pa

There were several families of Gibsons who settled in Hopewell Township. John Gibson died in the year 1748, leaving a wife, Ann a daughter, Mary and a sister, Margaret. Robert Gibson died in 1754. James Gibson, of Hopewell, died in 1758, leaving a son William grandson James Beard (John Elliot probably married a daughter) granddaughter Margaret Elliot a daughter married Hugh Thompson. John Elliot was an Indian trader and traded amongst the tribes in Northern Ohio for Robert Callendar. William Gibson, of Newtown Township, died in 1770, leaving children: Robert Gibson, John Gibson, Samuel Gibson, James Gibson, George Gibson, Gideon Gibson, Charles Gibson and Ann Gibson. George Gibson, the father of Judge Gibson, was the son of John Gibson, who kept tavern in Lancaster when the town was laid out. He married Ann West, the daughter of Francis West, the first magistrate of Cumberland County. At the commencement of the Revolutionary War, he and his brother John were trading among the Indians along the the Ohio. At this time there was a very disorderly spirit among the settlers at the Forks of the Ohio, which was fomented by Dr. John Connolly, and other emissaries of Lord Dunmore, who claimed jurisdiction over that country, and annexed it to Augusta County, Virginia. The Virginians evidently enlisted their sympathies. A number followed Dunmore, and were tinctured with Toryism, while others who espoused the patriot cause, accepted commissions in the Army from Virginia, and George Gibson was one of the latter. He afterwards served in the Regular Line. He went to New Orleans to procure powder, etc, for the Continental Army. He was successful in his mission, and negotiated with Oliver Pollock, who transported the powder, etc., in vessels to one of the Atlantic ports. At the close of the war, Virginia gave Colonel Gibson a warrant for land in Kentucky, but when he came to locate it, he found the land covered by a warrant of a previous date. He applied to Congress for relief, and although General Muhlenburg reported the bill favorably, for some reason or other, neither he nor his heirs received any recompense. He commanded a company at St. Clair's defeat was mortally wounded, and when the troops were put to flight and everyone was trying to save himself, as his brother-in-law, Jacob Slough, of Lancaster, passed by him, he begged him to assist him off the field, but Slough ran on. Colonel Gibson then placed his back against a tree and drew his pistols, and sold his life dearly to the "redskins". His body was taken to Fort Washington and buried there. He resided along Shearman's Creek at the foot of "Pisgah" Mountain. The creek runs forty miles along the western base of the mountain with a meadow about five hundred feet wide, and one thousand feet long, between the creek and the dwelling. An apple orchard covers a portion of this meadow. Upon its iste, Colonel Gibson had a race course. He owned a mill near his dwelling and several hundred acres of land, which was mostly uncultivated. What induced Francis West to leae Carlisle and settle at Shearman's Creek, which at that time was cut off from other settlements by the mountains, I cannot imagine. Chief Justice Gibson was born in this house. A portion of it is now used as a "pottery". One of Gibson's slaves wounded a buck and was killed by it, where the lime kiln now is. George Gibson made his will November 12, 1791, leaving sons Francis Gibson, George Gibson, John Bannister Gibson, Patrick Henry Gibson. He devised something to William Gibson, who was a nephew of Robert Callendar. Mrs. Gibson belonged to the Church of England, and shw was very anxious to have her sons baptized by an Episcopal minister. She made known the fact to the minister, probably in Cumberland Valley, who came to Shearman's Valley, and took up his quarters at Mr. Gibson's, who finally gave his consent to have the "boys" baptized. But he very likely gave them a hint of the matter, for as long as the minister was there, they went to the mountains daily to hunt, starting before daylight and did not return until the minister had retired for the night. He finally gave up on them and returned to Carlisle without accomplishing his mission. (Source: Engle's Notes and Queries, Volume II, pages 85-86)


Custom Shop Rumours: What the hell is going on at Gibson?

Now, I’m not one to gossip (okay, I am, as it’s actually part of my job), but I keep hearing all these rumours about Gibson, their Custom Shop and the state of this once great American guitar maker.

Custom Shop exit?

First off, I’ve been hearing a lot of whispered rumours recently from dealers here in the UK and on the other side of the Atlantic. What is particularly interesting is that conversations on both sides of the pond seem to be circling around the same issues.

My sources tell me that the founder of Gibson Custom Shop, the man that started it all off, has been outed. The man in question is Edwin Wilson, ‘the man’ at the renowned Custom Shop. He founded it, ran it and is generally considered to be the father of the whole department.

The rumour also popped up on various guitar forums like thefretboard (my boys in the UK) and then repeated over in the US at mylespaul. It makes you wonder: is there any truth to it? The old adage that there is no smoke without fire seems apt, as for a rumour to emerge on two highly respected guitar forums frequented by a lot of people in the industry is more than coincidence.

There are even now rumours that the Gibson Custom shop has stopped reissue Historics, Relics and Reissues!

Official statement

Although Gibson has not made any announcement about Edwin Wilson’s departure, there are underlying developments at Gibson that might be relevant. When Mike Eldred left the Fender Custom Shop it was a big deal for some, and there were similar rumours floating around before it all became official. What seems relevant to this new rumour is that Gibson has been in financial difficulties for a while now. I even wrote an article about this last year.

Spekuláció

Yes, this is all speculation and some of that is being whispered on guitar forum threads. But we believe that it’s not just background noise. After all, we know that there have been questions raised over Gibson’s financial performance, including their downgrading by Moody’s Investor Services. That could be an important context for these new rumours. Could be.

My opinion? Gibson are making some very cheap and not-so-great guitars that they have been trying to ‘box shift’ on Amazon. Below I have added the YouTube review of the Gibson Firebird Zero by online guitar reviewer Agufish. This honest review pulls no punches and gives quite a damning view of this model.

It appears that Gibson are trying to sell poorly thought-out guitars, rather than concentrating on what they do best, which is not helping their reputation. The Gibson Custom Shop instruments are still considered amazing guitars and perhaps they should be concentrating on those instead of giving us cheaply made Firebird knock-offs?

Robot tuners and Firebird Zeros…

Gibson attracted a lot of criticism for the 2015 line-up (super-wide necks, robot tuners, holograms and crayon-like signatures). Then there was the Firebird Zero mentioned above, which seemed a poor match for what customers were expecting. Maybe they deserve some credit for at least trying to innovate. But some Gibson dealers were, it seems, stuck with stock they could not shift, and Gibson further alienated them by discounting these guitars in blow out sales on Amazon, in effect undercutting their own dealers.

For those of you that don’t know Edwin, I have added a video interview with him from 2013 with German YouTube channel Session, as you can see Edwin knows his stuff, so it would be a great shame if he has gone. If you have an opinion or have heard something I have not, then please comment below.

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Wilfrid Wilson Gibson (1878-1962)

Today it is difficult to realise how popular Gibson was in the second decade of this century - popular for both his poetry and his personality. Brooke and Frost took to him instantly - he must have had a warm and easy-going temperament - and everyone had a good word to say about him. "I have no friend here like Wilfrid Gibson," wrote Frost to an American friend in March 1914. Brooke affectionately called him 'Wibson' and his letters to Marsh and others are full of concern for Gibson's well-being and comments about how nice he is. D.H. Lawrence wrote to Eddie Marsh in November 1913 that "I think Gibson is one of the clearest and most lovable personalities I know." John Middleton Murry, in a letter of reminiscence to Christopher Hassall, says "We quickly introduced Wilfrid to Eddie [Marsh] . . . and Eddie took to him as naturally as we had done, for his singular integrity."

Around 1906 Gibson ceased writing pseudo-Tennysonian verse and began writing realistic poems in which he tried to reflect the speech of ordinary people, based on events arising out of his everyday life in Northumberland and later Glasgow. By 1912, of all the younger English poets of the day, only one, John Masefield with his 'The Everlasting Mercy', could challenge Gibson in the matter of general popularity.

Poet Laureate Robert Bridges praised his "very remarkable" contributions to Georgian Poetry. In 1913 Frost wrote to another friend that "He is much talked of in America at the present time. He's just one of the plain folks with none of the marks of the literary poseur about him."

Two volumes of Gibson's poems - Daily Bread (1910) és Fires (1912) - impressed Frost, partly for their colloquial style but also because they provided evidence that there was a market for poems about ordinary people and everyday happenings. Daily Bread went into a third printing in 1913 - the year when Frost's first volume was published. Gibson was thought of as a poet concerned with the problems of common humanity. Frost and others may have jokingly referred to him as "the People's Poet". After Frost and Thomas had an unpleasant encounter with a gamekeeper in the woods behind Abercrombie's house, Frost wrote to a friend that he would now have a better claim than Gibson "to the title of the People's Poet".

Gibson left his native Northumberland and moved to London in the summer of 1912. He worked as assistant editor for Rhythm, a poetry magazine being produced by John Middleton Murry and Katherine Mansfield. His salary, small but essential for his upkeep, was paid anonymously by Eddie Marsh, and it was Marsh who introduced him to Rupert Brooke on September 17, 1912. This proved to be one of the important moments in Gibson's life. Just three days later Gibson, at Brooke's invitation, attended the very first meeting to discuss the publication of Georgian Poetry. In November 1912 he moved into a small room above Harold Monro's Poetry Bookshop, a couple of months before it officially opened. Here he was well-placed to become even more a part of the London literary scene.

Wilfrid Gibson had read and admired Robert Frost's A Boy's Will when it was published early in 1913. That August he wrote to Frost, whom he had not met, urging him to bring some of his new poems to the Poetry Bookshop. Frost did so, and Gibson wrote a poem called 'The First Meeting'. Given their subsequent reputations today, this poem reminds us that at the time Gibson was the famous poet and Frost relatively unknown. Gibson wanted Frost to meet Abercrombie, and invited him to a poetry reading that Abercrombie was giving at the Poetry Bookshop. In December 1913 Gibson was married, in Dublin, to Harold Monro's secretary Geraldine Townshend. The Gibsons spent their honeymoon at The Gallows, while the Abercrombies were away, and soon afterwards they moved to a thatched cottage called The Old Nailshop. It was two miles west of Abercrombie's cottage, and on the road from Dymock to Ledbury.

Gibson had already suggested to Frost that he should leave Beaconsfield and come to live near Dymock. Early in 1914 the Gibsons found a place for the Frosts and their four children to live, two miles from The Old Nailshop, on the other side of the River Leadon. Geraldine Gibson wrote to Elinor Frost on 25 February 1914 that "We have just this moment got your husband's letter saying you are coming here. We are absolutely rejoiced . . . how perfectly splendid!" In February 1914 Marsh wrote to Brooke, after a weekend at The Old Nailshop discussing Georgian Poetry II, that "W. hasn't really begun writing again yet, but he soon will, he feels the stirrings." When he did begin, he wrote in typical Gibson fashion about the everyday things that surrounded him, and particularly the cottage that he and Geraldine loved dearly.

'The Old Nail-Shop', kiadva New Numbers 4, is one of many poems about the cottage it shows Gibson's sense of history and continuity as well as his sympathy with poor rural folk. But the most important poem about the cottage, for Dymock Poet aficionados, is 'The Golden Room'. It describes the scene inside, on the only night we know for sure that five of the six Dymock Poets (not Drinkwater) were together for an evening. Dedicated to his wife and published in a volume of the same name in 1927, 'The Golden Room' is less than satisfactory as a poem but it accurately catches the nuances in style and personality of the poets.

The evening in question - most likely June 24, 1914, despite the fact that Gibson later remembered it as July - is almost certainly the night referred to in Thomas's letter of June 27 (see the section on Thomas). Brooke had just returned from his year of travels, and wanted to see Abercrombie and Gibson about New Numbers Thomas and his wife were on a short holiday, possibly getting over a period of domestic discord. The poem captures Frost's intellect and expansiveness, Thomas's shyness, Brooke's merriment but it also captures the pain that Gibson still felt - a decade later - about how the war had ended it all. One year and two weeks after this golden evening, Eddie Marsh retreated to the attic room of Gibson's cottage to spend eight days writing his celebrated memoir of Rupert Brooke.

The Great Western Railway offered special excursions to see the wild daffodils for which Dymock and Newent were (and still are) famous. It's not surprising that Gibson wrote a poem called 'Daffodils'. It tells of a man reminiscing about his son Jack, now off fighting "in a bloody trench" but who, 18 years ago, had enjoyed picking and sniffing the daffodils. Ben jelent meg An Annual of New Poetry (1917), edited by Gordon Bottomley - the same volume that contained Edward Thomas's first published poems.

Dymock's daffodils are an important feature of another poem, 'To John Drinkwater', which makes such effective use of alliteration (Dymock, daffodils, delight, dances, dreams). Mint 'The Golden Room' it blames the war for bringing an end to their idyllic world. Gibson was usually more interested in people than in his physical surroundings, and two of the poems in New Numbers 4 - 'Girl's Song' és 'The Orphans' - give an idea of why he was called 'the People's Poet' (if only in jest) by Robert Frost. Both poems end on a sad note and with a sense that poor country folk have a hard life and many burdens to bear. Their lives stand in sharp contrast to the scene depicted in 'Trees', which was dedicated to Lascelles Abercrombie and published in Barátok, a small volume of Gibson's poems which appeared in 1916. Here we see Abercrombie reading to the poets who are gathered under an elm tree at The Gallows.

An elm features in another poem of Gibson's, also from the Dymock period and published in the following year in Megélhetés, another volume of Gibson poems. 'The Elm' was inspired by the fact that an elm at The Old Nailshop was brought down in a storm, and Gibson mentioned this when corresponding with Frost after his return to America. I see touches of Frost in the poem - for example, the first few lines of the third stanza. But it also illustrates Gibson's constant nostalgia and his repeated use of a narrow range of themes.

Farther afield were the Malverns - providing another theme for Gibson's poetry. Tól től The Ragged Stone it's clear that he walked to the southern end of the Malverns and climbed up Ragged Stone Hill with its wonderful views of May Hill to the south and the Severn plain to the west. He may have already heard two local legends - still repeated today - about the dreadful things that would happen to those on whom the shadow of the stone outcrop fell. It's interesting to see how Gibson has related this to the shadow of the war falling on everyone.

Frost became increasingly disenchanted with Gibson in 1914. It began with Gibson's review of North of Boston in the August Tudós ember and the incident with the gamekeeper seemed to confirm Frost's disenchantment with his friend. In his review Gibson simultaneously commends and criticises Frost's poetry. Walsh speculates on "why Gibson should have discerned less of Frost's accomplishment than Abercrombie". He notes that Gibson and Abercrombie "must certainly have talked at length, and repeatedly, about Frost and his book" (they had seen it prior to publication). "Beyond mere obtuseness," says Walsh, "one reason for his [Gibson's] blindness may have been a burdensome tinge of jealousy, aroused by his recognition that while Frost and he were in pursuit of much the same goals, the American had reached heights of art beyond anything in Gibson's prolific output, perhaps beyond anything imagined by him as possible."

Brooke's death was a great blow to Gibson. The title page of Gibson's Friends (1916) is dedicated 'To the memory of Rupert Brooke', followed by an untitled poem printed in italics followed by the date, 23rd April 1915. This poem is often titled 'To the Memory of Rupert Brooke' to distinguish it from the first poem in Barátok, a long poem titled 'Rupert Brooke'. Part III of this second poem describes the field of poppies at The Gallows that Brooke had noticed the previous summer. Another poem in Friends about Brooke's death is 'To Edward Marsh', as the sub-title makes clear. It begins with a reference to the evening of the King's Cross fire when Marsh introduced Gibson and Brooke. Another poem about Brooke, titled 'Rugby: 1917', was published in Gibson's Neighbours (1920). Gibson was still writing poems about Brooke in 1927 'Skyros' was published in A Figyelő in April and an anthology of that year's best poetry reprinted it.

In 1915 Gibson published a small volume called Csata, containing 32 poems about the war. When reading them it is hard to believe that at this time he had not been involved personally in the war. He had poor eyesight and it wasn't until two years later that the Army accepted him for clerical work. 'Before Action' is the first poem in the collection, but there are several others that are powerful reminders of the agony of war. Gibson always belittled his own work. So perhaps his comments in a letter to Frost about Csata should not be taken too seriously: "I had to publish it as I felt I must make my little protest, however feeble and ineffectual - so don't be too hard on me."

Gibson's work was popular in America and in 1917 he went on a successful reading tour there. When he returned to England in July, the Army Service Corps finally accepted him for duties at Sydenham, near London, for the remaining twelve months of the war. His son Michael was born in 1918, and Abercrombie became his godfather. When Robert and Elinor Frost came to England again in 1928 they visited the Gibsons, and Wilfrid not only wrote a poem called 'Reunion' but also dedicated his next book, Veszélyek, in which the poem first appeared, "To Robert and Elinor Frost". Gibson continued to publish a book of poems every couple of years or so, until 1950. And he continued to go on lecture and reading tours around Britain. But his themes and the treatment he gave them seemed increasingly superficial to the modern world. His work declined in popularity to such an extent that it is hardly known today. "I am one of those unlucky writers whose books have predeceased him," he wrote to Frost in 1939.

It would be hard to over-estimate the significance of the Dymock period to Gibson, and the domestic bliss he found with Geraldine in their old nail-shop, facing on to an even older track called The Greenway, two miles north of Dymock. When his Összegyűjtött versek were published in 1926 he placed at the very front of the volume an untitled poem - printed in italics - that begins 'So long had I travelled the lonely road'.

This text is from Once They Lived in Gloucestershire: A Dymock Poets Anthology by Linda Hart
ISBN 0 9526031 52 - Reprinted in 2011
(£6.95 from the Green Branch Press, Kencot, Gloucestershire, England GL7 3QX).

The book also includes most of the poems mentioned in the text above, a chapter introducing the Dymock Poets, two maps showing the Dymock area, and detailed references to all sources.


The Spooky Unsolved Mystery of the Flannan Lighthouse Disappearances

Lighthouses are usually extremely secluded places which dictate a solitary way of life, not suitable for everyone.

Naturally, this isn’t always a safe work environment, as emergency services are often not able to provide a quick response in case of an accident.

So when three men working in a lighthouse on the Flannan Isles in the Outer Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland, suddenly disappeared, wild theories arose fueled by a lack of evidence.

This was at the very dawn of the 20th century, and it sparked one of the most unsettling mysteries at the time.

The westernmost of the Flannan Isles: Eilean a’ Ghobha and Roareim with Brona Cleit in the distance. Photo Marc Calhoun CC BY-SA 2.0 .

The lighthouse in which the disappearances took place was built in 1899 on one of the isles called Eilean Mòr.

The structure was 75 feet tall and the complex included a rail and a small docking yard intended for supplies.

Apart from the lighthouse which included three workers ― two regular and one occasional who rotated from the mainland ― the island of Eilean Mòr was uninhabited.

The lighthouse served as an important link for guiding trans-Atlantic ships towards the harbor in Leith, Scotland.

However, on December 15, 1900, something odd happened. As the steamer Archtor, which was on its way from Philadelphia, passed by the Flannan Isles Lighthouse, it noted that its light was not operational.

It wasn’t until the ship docked in Leith three days later that this irregularity was noted. Due to horrible weather, the relief boat, stationed on a nearby island of Lewis, had to postpone its visit until December 26th, when it was finally concluded that the lighthouse had been unmanned for days.

The Flannan or Seven Hunters Isles.

The lighthouse crew at the time consisted of three men ― Thomas Marshall and James Ducat, who were the regulars and Donald MacArthur, an occasional who was doing his shift, while the fourth man was on leave, spending time on shore.

When Captain Jim Harvie of the relief boat Hesperus arrived, the men were nowhere to be found — and a number of other irregularities were spotted on the island.

Instead of waiting for the Hesperus on the dock as it was the procedure, none of the lightkeepers appeared. Also, none of the provision boxes needed for the supplies were present at the landing site, and the flagstaff appeared to be missing a signal flag, indicating that no effort was made by the keepers to welcome the relief boat carrying supplies.

St. Flannan’s Cell and Flannan Isles Lighthouse. Here is the source of one of the world’s great mysteries for at the turn of the century three lightkeepers disappeared without trace. Photo JJM
CC BY-SA 2.0

At that point, it became clear to the crew of Hesperus that something was extremely off. The crew quickly examined the lighthouse noting several details: both the entrance gate and the gate leading to the compound were shut.

In addition to this, the Hesperus crewmen found all beds unmade, indicating that something must have interrupted them in the middle of the night, and the mechanical clocks had stopped, indicating that the incident happened some while ago.

They also found one unused set of oilskins ― a type of waterproof garment ― usually worn by the keepers whenever going outside during bad weather.

After conducting this ad hoc investigation, the captain of the Hesperus sent a telegram to the Northern Lighthouse Board during that same day, stating:

Flannan Isles Lighthouse. Photo by Marc Calhoun CC BY-SA 2.0 .

“A dreadful accident has happened at the Flannans. The three keepers, Ducat, Marshall, and the Occasional have disappeared from the Island… The clocks were stopped and other signs indicated that the accident must have happened about a week ago. Poor fellows, they must have been blown over the cliffs or drowned trying to secure a crane.”

Days passed and the men were nowhere to be found. In the meantime, it was concluded that the western part of the island had been severely hit by the storms, as the landing site in the west seemed to have suffered heavy damage from wind and waves.

Flannan Isles – close-up of the lighthouse. Photo by geograph CC BY 2.0

On December 29, 1900, the Northern Lighthouse Board sent a superintendent to conduct an official investigation. Headed by Robert Muirhead, the investigation concluded that the found oilskins set was intended for Donald MacArthur, referred to as the “Occasional.” Analyzing the keeper’s log in which the last entry was made on December 15th, Muirhead realized that the damage made on the western landing happened prior to the disappearance of the three men.

His reconstruction of the events suggested that Ducat and Marshall went to repair the landing site around dinner time on December 15th, while MacArthur stayed at the lighthouse, as the protocol demanded one person to always be present at the post.

Steps to landing place, Flannan Isles.

Something made MacArthur leave the lighthouse unmanned, without taking his waterproof garment. This was the point at which the three men went permanently missing.

Muirhead’s explanation also suggested that the three men fell victim to a high wave which most probably swept them onto the sharp rocks.

Even though the bodies were likely forever lost in the depths of the Atlantic Ocean, the disappearance of the lighthouse keepers sparked nationwide speculation. Many offered various theories in newspapers, grooming ideas of paranormal activity, ghost stories, pirate kidnappings, and spying affairs, all providing no evidence whatsoever to back their claims.

Flannan Isles Lighthouse – Photo by geograph CC BY 2.0

The mystery became even more popular after it was immortalized in a 1912 ballad by Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, a poet who emphasizes that the men were the victims of some sort of foul play.

The ballad spawned another series of wild speculations which clung onto the missing lightkeepers through decades to come. Quickly, an analogy was drawn between the missing lighthouse keepers and the disappearance of passengers and crew of the American merchant brigantine Mary Celeste, which happened some 28 years before, when the ship was discovered adrift in a seaworthy condition in the middle of the ocean, with no one aboard.

Due to the widespread rumors about the mystery it became difficult for the Northern Lighthouse Board to employ new keepers, as a dark shadow loomed over the Flannan Isles tower.

The remains of the Flannan lighthouse railway as of 2012. This view is looking approximately west-south-west from the lighthouse. The site of “Clapham Junction” is just visible at left centre. Photo by Chris Downer CC BY-SA 2.0

Many attempts have been made since then to cast a light on the disappearance of the three men, like the recent book by an acknowledged naturalist John Love, titled A Natural History of Lighthouses.

In the book, the author tackles all possible notion of macabre activity and confirms that the men must have fallen victim to a rogue wave.

“There is no need to invoke the sinister or the paranormal, it was purely a tragic act of nature the men got swept away by abnormally rough seas,” said Love in a 2015 interview for the Sunday Post, adding that MacArthur must have been concerned about his companions who became absent for too long.

Since it was forbidden to leave the lighthouse unattended, he most probably just got out to take a look, without his oilskins, only to be swept away by a wave himself.

Love also noted that the keepers weren’t familiar with the winter storm conditions around the island, as the lighthouse was built just one year before the incident took place.

Whatever the case, the disappearance of the three lighthouse keepers left a permanent mark on Edwardian Britain by enclosing many of the popular romantic tropes, like the secluded lighthouse, a mysterious disappearance and raging natural elements.

Nikola Budanovic is a freelance journalist who has worked for various media outlets such as Vice, War History Online, The Vintage News, and Taste of Cinema. His main areas of interest are history, particularly military history, literature and film.


#11 – Robert Gibson

Yikes, I’m really behind on my 52 ancestors. Now to play catch-up.

Robert Gibson, my 3rd Great-Grandfather, was born about 1805 in Ireland. His family was from the Ards Peninsula (shown on map above) in County Down, Northern Ireland. They likely moved to Ireland from Scotland. According to Catharine Anne Wilson, Scotch-Irish families “emigrated from 1820 to 1860 from the United Parish of St. Andrews in Northern Ireland to Amherst Island, Ontario, Canada.” (Wilson, C. A. (1997). The Scotch-Irish and Immigrant Culture on Amherst Island, Ontario. In H. T. Blethen & C. Wood (Eds.), Ulster and North America: Transatlantic Perspectives on the Scotch-Irish (134-145). Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press.) St. Andrews was six miles north of Portaferry, from which many ships departed.

Robert married Mary McCormick in Ireland in the 1830s. They had at least five children between 1837 and 1850, including my great-great grandmother Mary Ann. According to her 1911 Canada Census entry, Mary Ann arrived on Amherst Island in 1857, which is when, I assume, the rest of the family came. This also fits the emigration time frame put forth by Wilson. She was married with a daughter by 1859 on the island. In the 1861 and 1871 censuses, Robert and Mary were living on Amherst Island. He was listed as Presbyterian and she was listed as Roman Catholic. In April 1881, they were living with their son Hugh (1848-1881) and his wife Elizabeth and their two children, William and Mary Ellen. Hugh died in June 1881 and a son, also named Hugh, was born in February 1882.

Robert died on May 5, 1882 of dyspepsia. He might be buried in St. Bartholomew’s Cemetery on Amherst Island. His wife Mary died on January 13, 1886 of dropsy of the heart.

52 Ancestors #11 – Luck of the Irish


Történelem készítése

Gibson&aposs success at those ATA tournaments paved the way for her to attend Florida A&M University on a sports scholarship. She graduated from the school in 1953, but it was a struggle for her to get by. At one point, she even thought of leaving sports altogether to join the U.S. Army. A good deal of her frustration had to do with the fact that so much of the tennis world was closed off to her. The white-dominated, white-managed sport was segregated in the United States, as was the world around it.

The breaking point came in 1950, when Alice Marble, a former tennis No. 1 herself, wrote a piece in Amerikai gyep tenisz magazine lambasting her sport for denying a player of Gibson&aposs caliber to compete in the world&aposs best tournaments. Marble&apossਊrticle caught notice, and by� — just one year after becoming the first Black player to compete at Wimbledon — Gibson was a Top 10 player in the United States. She went on to climb even higher, to No. 7 by 1953.

In 1955, Gibson and her game were sponsored by the United States Lawn Tennis Association, which sent her around the world on a State Department tour that saw her compete in places like India, Pakistan and Burma. Measuring 5 feet, 11 inches, and possessing superb power and athletic skill, Gibson seemed destined for bigger victories. 

In 1956, it all came together when she won the French Open. Wimbledon and U.S. Open titles followed in both 1957 and 1958. (She won both the women&aposs singles and doubles at Wimbledon in 1957, which was celebrated by a ticker-tape parade when she returned home to New York City.) In all, Gibson powered her way to 56 singles and doubles championships before turning pro in 1959.

For her part, however, Gibson downplayed her pioneering role. "I have never regarded myself as a crusader," she states in her 1958 autobiography, Mindig is valaki akartam lenni. "I don&apost consciously beat the drums for any cause, not even the negro in the United States."

Althea Gibson kisses the cup she was rewarded with after having won the French International Tennis Championships in Paris.


Wilfrid Wilson Gibson – Northumberland’s People’s Poet

Heatherland and bentland, Black land and white, God bring me to Northumberland, The land of my delight.

&mdash Wilfrid Wilson Gibson – Northumberland’s People’s Poet

Heatherland and bentland,
Black land and white,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land of my delight.

Land of singing waters,
And words from off the sea,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land where I would be.

Heatherland and bentland,
And valley rich with corn,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land where I was born.


Whin was an 1918 anthology by poet Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, formed mainly of poems relating to places in Northumberland. He was Northumberland-born – in Hexham on 2 October 1878 – and lived locally until in his thirties. His first work was published aged just 18, in The Spectator magazine.

From the first years of the twentieth century, he wrote poems in a realist style about ordinary people in ordinary language. He was in the vanguard of this approach and his straightforward writing told stories of life among the working class and poor of both the countryside and the city.

A contemporary review in the Times Literary Supplement summed up his writing: “He is in close touch with the simple, elementary feelings of humanity and by associating these with pathetic, peculiar, or heroic incidents in the lives of working folk he achieves truth and poignancy by what seems only to be faithful description.”

His Daily Bread of 1910 employed such straightforward style and gained popularity with some three printings.

Gibson maintained this approach during the First World War, imagining front-line realities to write from the viewpoint of ordinary soldiers rather than officers. His book of war poetry, Csata, has been credited as an influence on the more well known Siegfried Sassoon, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves and Wilfred Owen. One review of the time commented “Under the impact of the greatest crisis in history, he has been not stunned to silence or babbling song, but awakened to understanding and sober speech, and thereby has proved his genius.”

He’d even have his joke
While we were sitting tight,
And so he needs must poke
His silly head in sight
To whisper some new jest
Chortling. But as he spoke
A rifle cracked…
And now God knows when I shall hear the rest!

“The Joke”, from Csata

This understanding of ‘the heartbreak in the heart of things’ has caused some to dub Gibson as Northumberland’s “People’s Poet”.

Another poem in Whin was inspired by Black Stitchel hill near Hepple. Gibson’s friend Ivor Gurney set it to music and it has been recorded by several performers including the English operatic baritone Roderick Williams.

* As quoted in Walks from Wooler, W Ford Robertson, 1926
Pic: Mike Quinn [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


Külső linkek

  1. ^ '"Young men who knew that the age demanded something new in poetry were impressed by the austerity of his little 'working class' plays". (Joy Grant, Harold Monro & the Poetry Bookshop (1966), p.19. Whistler p.281 remarks on the colloquial, homespun realism that at first was admired in Gibson.
  2. ^ Gibson met de la Mare, and quite a number of other poets, through Marsh (Theresa Whistler, Imagination of the Heart: The Life of Walter de la Mare (1993), p.205 and 208) in 1912. It was with de la Mare that Gibson was to make the closest friendship. Gentle and unlucky, he himself best fitted Brooke's description of those good-hearted and simple and nice poets he wanted to protect.
  3. ^ Paul Delany, The Neo-Pagans (1987), p.199, writes of a business lunch 19 September 1912 at Marsh's flat, with Gibson, John Drinkwater, Harold Monro and Arundel del Re.
  4. ^ Famous People of Herefordshire, Monmouthshire and Royal Forest of Dean at royalforestofdean.info
  5. ^ Literary EncyclopediaThe states that his reputation plummeted. Whistler p.282 has Gibson's was the saddest fate of all the Georgians. Once acclaimed as the leader of an exciting new movement, , when that movement came into derision the critics found in him the epitome of its vices.
  6. ^ AE, Herbert Read and James Stephens (pp 113-114). It is concluded there that "Mr Gibson's poetry. has its own specific qualities and is, in its essentials unique". In 1942 Philip Tomlinson refers to Gibson as "this distinguished poet" (TLS 31 January 1942 p.57).

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Nézd meg a videót: The Messages by Wilfrid Wilson Gibson